What is Artificial Intelligence?
Updated: Oct 18, 2021
In recent times, it is almost inevitable to have not heard of the term "AI".
What is AI, and why is it so popular?
Artificial Intelligence, in short, AI, is a branch of computer science that involves developing machines that are able to implement human intelligence in completing a task.
In simpler words, AI is the development of smart machines. In our technologically inclined world, just about everything involves the implementation of AI. Various industries are applying AI. For instance, healthcare, transportation, finance, manufacturing, agriculture, and many more.
How did AI emerge?
For a long time, people have imagined inanimate objects coming to life as intelligent beings. Robots were mythical to the ancient Greeks, and Chinese and Egyptian engineers created automatons.
The origins of modern AI can be traced back to classical philosophers' attempts to describe human thinking as a symbolic system. However, the field of AI was not formally established until 1956, at a conference at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, where the term "Artificial Intelligence" was coined by John McCarthy.
Real-world Applications of AI Systems
While surfing the Internet, have you ever wondered how most advertisements are related to your area of interest or recent searches? That is a resemblance of AI, in specific, machine learning. Machine learning, is a subfield of AI that enables a machine to adapt human intelligence.
Apart from that, a very common example of an AI, is Apple's Siri. Siri is a voice assistant that makes navigating through the iPhone easier by simply listening to your voice and performing the task you want it to do. You can, for example, ask Siri to set an alarm or a reminder for you at a specific time and day.
Other examples of AI in our daily lives include unlocking your phone through Face ID, Netflix recommendations, robot vacuums, email spam filters, and the list goes on as AI plays a prominent role in today's era.
How does AI impact our daily lives?
With all the attention AI has been receiving, the biggest question that arise among many is, why is AI in demand?
AI has the capability to increase the efficiency of our workplace as well as to augment the work humans can do. For instance, dangerous tasks in an industry can be taken over by AI to avoid risking human lives. Besides, it can also carry out repetitive tasks, that may seem boring to humans. On the other hand, humans can be assigned tasks that are more engaging, which can boost their job satisfaction. In other words, AI aims to make life less complicated and improve the quality of our lives.
AI is significant because, for the first time, traditionally human capabilities can be implemented in software at a low cost and on a large scale. AI can be applied to any industry to create new opportunities and efficiencies.
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